The national minorities’ discrimination in social and economic spheres.

 

            The problems of social and economic discrimination against the national minorities’ representatives were analyzed in Volgograd region in the narrow context, i.e. in the market of letting/ renting private- type dwelling. (The unit given is based on the research, carried out in order of CEPRS, by E. Lintsova in Volgograd region.)

The examination of the paper advertisements. The research was carried out by analyzing the advertisements in the newspapers “Everything for you” and “Dominoes” in October 2002. Private letting advertisements were counted up.

            Among 1433 private advertisements, 107 (7,5% of total letting adds) used the wording “for a Russian family” (Table 1). The most common wordings are “for a Russian family”, “for Russians” and sometimes with introducing more precise definition: “for a Russian girl – student”, “for two Russian men”, “for a Russian family with the registration”. There are some wordings “for Slavs”, “for a Slavonic family”. One can reveal more stringent requirements – “for Russians only”.

Not a single advertisement mentioned other ethnic groups, excepting Russian.

            Taking into account the experience of the similar researches in other regions, there can be no doubt that the objection to letting a flat to the Caucasians or Central Asians by birth was masked by the wording “for Russians”, which is just a more civilized way of such a rejection.

            Moreover, the share of the advertisements with the renter’s wanted nationality is quite differentiated according to the city districts: it is less among the lessors of Krasnoarmeisky, Central and Voroshilovsky districts (5,6% - 6,9%) and twice as much in Kirovsky and Soviet districts.

Table 1

The lessors’ advertisements, indicating the renter’s ethnic origin in different Volgograd regions

Volgograd district

The total number of advertise-

ments

Including “for Russians”

number

%

Voroshilovsky

188

13

6,9

Dzerzhinsky

208

16

7,7

Kirovsky

56

7

12,5

Krasnoarmeisky

72

4

5,6

Krasnooktyabrsky

219

16

7,3

Soviet

84

10

11,9

Traktorozavodskoy

190

16

8,4

Central

416

25

6,0

Total

1433

107

7,5

 

            It is clearly marked that the share of the advertisements, indicating the renter’s wanted nationality, increases as far as the center of the city (see the scheme).

            Such advertisements are met less frequently in the Central and Voroshilovsky districts (the latter is almost the center of the city, in its northern part the dwelling is the most expensive). Traktorozavodskoy, Soviet and Kirovsky are the outlying districts, inhabited, mainly, by the proletariat.

Krasnoarmeisky district stands by itself with the lowest number of such advertisements (5,6%). It is likely to its comparative autonomous existence and the over-remoteness from the center, that limits the demand and complicate finding the renters.

            It is noteworthy that the advertisements with the indication of ethnic origin are met among room lessors, i.e. the most indigent ones, less frequently (3,9%). Such advertisements appear among those who let the private houses much more often, but their number is not large.

Table 2

A dwelling type

The total number of advertisements

Including “for Russians”

number

%

A room

259

10

3,9

One-room flat

602

50

8,3

Two-room flat

463

38

8,2

Three- and more –room flat

87

6

6,9

Private house

22

3

13,6

total

1433

107

7,5

 

Taking into account the situation in the dwelling market, the persons looking for a flat frequently identify their nationality themselves. It is noteworthy that the portion of the advertisements with ethnic identification is considerably higher in renting than in letting. Among 265 free renting advertisements, published in October 2002, 82 advertisements (30,9% of total) emphasized the nationality of a potential renter. The most common wordings are “for a Russian family “for a Russian man”, “for a Russian woman”, “for a Russian girl”. In such advertisements, only Russians identify their nationality.

            Examining the private stuck advertisements. Along with the published advertisements the private billboard, publicity-mast, etc. letting/ renting advertising was analyzed (October – December 2002). The total number involved 1043 advertisements (232 letting and 811 renting ones).

            The share of advertisements with the wanted renter’s ethnic origin is three times as much as in the published ones: 22,9% per 7,5% with the wording “for Russians only”. Besides, there was one advertisement with the wording “excepting the persons of the Caucasian ethnic origin ” and one more – “for persons of any nationality”

            The distribution of the stuck advertisements with the wording “for Russians only” according to the city districts is resumed in the Table 3.

Table3

The stuck letting advertisements with indication of the renter’s nationality in different Volgograd districts

Volgograd district

The total number of advertisements

Including “for Russians”

number

%

Voroshilovsky

39

10

25,6

Dzerzhinsky

36

10

27,7

Kirovsky

11

4

36,3

Krasnoarmeisky

71

13

18,3

Krasnooktyabrsky

7

3

42,8

Soviet

19

3

15,7

Traktorozavodskoy

41

9

21,9

Central

6

0

0,0

Total

230

52

22,6

 

           

            The largest share of such advertisements is fixed in Krasnooktyabrsky and Kirovsky districts but not numerous advertisements in the city districts do not allow making the right conclusions for comparing.

            Analyzing the stuck advertisements of the potential renters is of considerably great interest since their number is much higher. The renters indicate their belonging to Russians in more than half of all stuck advertisements (among the published ones – 30,9%). The indication of the renter’s ethnic origin is widespread in the outlying districts – Kirovsky and Traktorozavodskoy districts – more than 2/3 and in Krasnoarmeisky district (61,5%). Such advertisements are rarely met in the districts near to the central part of the city – those of Voroshilovsky and Krasnooktyabrsky (See the Table 4).

Table 4

The stuck advertisements of the potential renters with indication of the Russian ethnic origin in the different Volgograd districts

Volgograd district

The total number of advertisements

Including “for Russians”

number

%

Voroshilovsky

270

95

35,1

Dzerzhinsky

36

19

52,7

Kirovsky

194

136

70,1

Krasnoarmeisky

83

51

61,4

Krasnooktyabrsky

76

23

30,2

Soviet

63

29

46,0

Traktorozavodskoy

52

35

67,3

Central

37

21

56,7

Total

811

409

50,4

 

            It is prominent that the inhabitants of the central districts more frequently resort to the published advertisements: 57,4% of the published renting advertisements was put by the inhabitants of Central, Voroshilovsky and Krasnooktyabrsky districts (among them 29,0% - the inhabitants of Central district – Table1). On the contrary, among the stuck advertisement distributors, the inhabitants of the outlying districts prevail: only 22,4% of the letting advertisements and 47,2% -of potential renters are stuck by the inhabitants of Central, Voroshilovsky and Krasnooktyabrsky districts (Central district – 2,6% and 4,5% correspondingly – tables 3,4).

            Conclusions:

-        The paper letting/renting advertisements do not reflect completely the xenophobia level: the stuck private advertisements are more representatives since they reveal the higher prejudice of the lessors to the not Russian renters.

-        Considering this prejudice, the potential renters indicate their nationality more frequently.

-        The contingent of lessors and renters is likely to be differentiated according to the city districts: The more educated inhabitants of the central parts of the city prefer the advertisements published, the outlying districts – the stuck ones.

 

The share of the advertisements with the indication of the renter’s national belonging (“for Russians”) according to the administrative areas of Volgograd, percentage

Trapezoid: Kirovsky
12,5/70,1

Voroshilivsky            Soviet
6,9/35,2                     11,9/46,0