Legal regulation of national minorities’ status
The Law “On ethnic relationships in Volgograd region” of 13.09.2001, regulating the relations between various nationalities which reside in the region and the relations between the persons mentioned and the authorities structures is put into effect in the region (ar.1).
Side by side, the application of ethnic policy is extended to temporary residents either (ar. 2). Among the ethnic relations principles, the Law points out the free development of ethnic cultures, variety of ethnic self- organizational structures, free self- determination in ethnic identity, admissibility to divide the Russian citizens by ethnic criteria in cultural and educational spheres only, but not in policy, economy or ideology (ar. 4).
Besides, the law- makers took into account the necessity to preserve the common cultural space on the basis of the Russian language as the state one, and the importance of the historical role of multinational Russian culture (ar. 6). (The Law article mentioned fixes rather reserved attitude of the regional population to using other languages, including those of Russian peoples. According to the Law “On referenda in Volgograd region” of 25.12.1995 N35-OD (in wording of Volgograd region Law of 01.02.2002 N664- OD), the regional referendum language is Russian -- Ar. 8. The local government bodies adopted the norm-setting acts, according to which the outward advertising, excepting the trade marks, is spread solely in Russian in Volgograd and town of Volzhsky).
The law underlines the following types of supporting the rights to ethnic and cultural originality by the state authority bodies:
The state authority bodies can allot funds for supporting the programs and steps, which realize the ethnic public formations in cultural, educational and informational spheres, provide budget tax benefits and fix preferential rental fee rate, provided for noncommercial cultural and educational organizations (P.2 of ar. 14).
However, these legal norms are not realized in the budget legislation.
The ethnic factor is taken into account in administrative, territorial and local government systems. According to the Regulations (The Principal Law) of Volgograd region in wording of the Law of 30.11.2001 the regional, administrative and territorial system is based on the ethnic and cultural peculiarities of population’s life style (p.5, ar.6), and the local government is organized in conformity with ethnic features of municipalities (p.3 ar.11). The regional state authority bodies officially regulate the organization of the local government, taking into account the compactness of ethnic groups, communities and the Cossacks, residing the municipality, as well as historical and other local traditions (p.1, ar.53).
The Law “On social workers in Volgograd region “ of 15.01.2001, among general qualifications for social workers, envisages knowledge of ethnic and religious features of life and family upbringing, traditions of their recipients (p.1 ar.6)
Besides, the foreign citizens and stateless persons, possessing the right to professional activity in the service mentioned and having got the appropriate license, must be attested to know the traditions and features in question (p.2 ar.7).
The religious peculiarities and ethnic traditions of the recipients must be taken into consideration when buried in the municipal cemeteries (p.6 of the Rules, concerning municipal cemeteries functioning and the way of their maintenance, being an appendix to the Volgograd Council of People’s Deputies Resolution of 26.03.1997 N23/144).