Their open letter runs:” The citizens and public formations of Saratov region are anxious about the increasing activity of Germany and the Federal national and culture autonomy of Russian Germans leaders, aimed at establishing German Republic on the Volga…. None of the nationalities burdens the Government with their problems like German…. None of the nationalities demands such financing “.
After no president decree had issued, they declared but if the letter, V.V.Putin would have signed the decree on reestablishing the German autonomy.
II. The serious conflicts potential is caused by the intensive formation of new diaspora and the way mass media and public opinion interpret this process.
There is an opinion that “the Asiatic” and “persons of the Caucasian nationality” have the different mode of life, labour traditions (turn for market trade), different behavior culture (including their attitude to drug abuse)… All these make the natives treat the migrants watchfully. The interaction of the cultures with different roots has become a factor of the international tension … Rather East than West is the main “irritant” for Russian culture and Russian mode of life (Y. Chernyshov East is a delicate and hazardous matter, http://web.saratov.ru/pl/ross/index.phtml?f=10.htm ).
There are attempts of the theoretical basing the in tolerance. (). The numerous articles of “the public and creative intelligentsia” representatives prove the wide spread of “the patriotic force” views in this question. (It is symptomatic that S. Barsilov’s article, mentioned above, is placed in RNU site).
Varying public opinion, concerning
national policy and international relations is great, especially in the
creative sphere. It was demonstrated by “the round table”, held in
III. The migrant inflow, coming on the middle of 1990th, is one more burning problem. Basing on the out of date findings, the popular conclusion of migrant danger is made («The frontier status of the region forces to emphasize migrant danger (in its ethnic aspect)”. –).
The wide spread of the thesis given can be confirmed by the fact that at the end of 2001, in Strasburg at the conference devoted to the personal rights Alexander Lando, Saratov authorized agent on personal rights, representing Russian Federation, raised the problems connected with migration. (E. Dobronravova “Province” N16, December 2001 http://www.inform-buro.com:8080/4_11.html ).
Migration “causes the negative reaction of the natives and influences the political situation in the region”. For instance, Saratov Governor D. Ayatskov suggested settling 50 thousand refugees – the Kosovars in the region. According to the public opinion poll, 95% responders regarded the Governor’s initiative negatively and 3% responders expressed an indefinite opinion” (http://www.rne.org/vopd/rusnews/rnew_257.htm ).
Besides, apprehensions are excited by
the fact that the migrant inflow from the ethnic-political conflict areas can
result in breakdowns between the new settlers, belonging to the opposite
parties. In addition, there is watchfulness in respect of the minorities, which
have been residing in
IV. From time to time the breakdowns, connected with anti-Jewish actions, occur. However, the danger is not only in them, but also in public support, rendered to persons, who are prosecuted for rousing national hatred.
The representatives of the judicial power did not dare to quote Sosnin V.D. in newspaper, his statements about the Jews bordering on obscene and being able to shock the readers. The trial on this case is reported to be open. A.A. Morozov, V.F.Grigoriev. Is Vitaliy Sosnin a martyr or a criminal. http://www.zeminfo.ru/article/1/1’2_22_p.html ).
V. The definite tense is caused by the activity of the patriotic (nationalistic) organizations: “Russian party”, “Russian national unity” (RNU), “Russian national party”, “ Slavonic union”, “The Slavic-Russian heathen community”, “ The Unity of battle solidarity” (Nikolay Rusich. Phenology of opposition. Http://www.terrapia.ru/mp_00026.html ) The numerous Cossack organizations belong to the patriotic movement.
The capable policy of the RNU
regional leader Grigory Trofimchuk
yielded an unexpected result: within several months he managed to unite the
three most efficient and numerous (excepting RFCP) organizations in opposition
and establish the
The interconfessional tension can aggravate the
interethnic relations. In the region, there was a considerable conflict, having
developed in February 2002 between the two largest Christian confessions – the
Orthodox and Catholic churches. That aggravation resulted from the decision of
the Pope John Paul II concerning the establishment of the so-called Roman
Catholic “church province”, headed by the Metropolitan and consisting of four
dioceses with the centers in
The Governor Dmitry
Ayatskov commented upon turning the apostolic
eparchies into dioceses in the following way:» I
respect all confessions in
It is symptomatically that the patriotic force representatives in summer 2001 expressed their opinion of “Catholic aggression” – but in obscure connection with the problem of reestablishing the German autonomy. (http://umnyi.narod.ru/TEXT5/169-5.htm ).
In town of