The priorities and the principal policy orientations with respect to national minorities. The regional authorities consider the international stability as an important term of the economic reforms and the formation of market relations. (The national policy conception of Saratov region, Appendix to Saratov regional Duma resolution of the 9 July 1997 N 43-826, preamble).
Firstly, the priority was given to
keeping the stability, the status quo, in ethnoconfessional relations. Such an
approach was mentioned in “Agreement on public consensus and social
partnership”, signed in 1996,where the special unit was devoted to the national
relations (unit III, Agreement on public consensus and social relations in
The agreement was renewed in 1998
and 2000 (Agreement on public consensus and social partnership of 1998, Social
Compact-2000 on consensus and social partnership in
The two problems have been the most important
for regional authorities since the beginning of the 90th: the
territorial rehabilitation of the
To solve the fist problem, taking into account cleavage of society in views and national relations’ exacerbation, the authorities chose the extremely delicate policy, concerning both the support of language and cultural components to revive the traditions of Russian Germans and the concealed resistance to discussing the territorial rehabilitation.
The question of the national diaspora formation was primarily aimed at limiting the migrants’ inflow (such a policy was carried out more actively at the period of the most numerous inflow, having fallen on 1993-1995) as well as national and cultural development of peoples in the region.
Nowadays, in the terms of the
relative national relations’ stability the main factor of national policy is
national and cultural components. The most important tool of national policy is
“Peoples’ social, national and cultural development in