Orenburg region

Regional authorities policy and priorities


The priorities and the principal policy orientations with respect to national minorities. One of the regional authority priorities is maintaining the national consensus, harmonizing ethnic relations by combining efforts of state authority bodies, local government, public, national and religious associations (the Passport of the Program of the regional ethnic policy model realization in Orenburg region within 2001-2005. Appendix to the Resolution of Orenburg region Administration Head of 28.11.2000 N 1284-R).

Already in the first half of the 1990th, the regional ethnic policy model began to take shapes. Its basic components were:

-            developing the complex program of ethnic policy;

-            orienting to constructive cooperation with national minorities organizations and other ethnic communities;

-            the direct support of national minorities organizations;

-            the regular ethnological and social monitoring.

Since 1993, three complex programs of supporting nationalities culture development have been put in practice in Orenburg region and at present, the next Program of the regional ethnic policy realization is being carried out.

All these documents were developed with the direct participation of the national minorities representatives, who take an active part in the work of both the Council on nationalities affairs, subjected to the Administration Head and Interethnic coordination Council, subjected to the regional Committee on interethnic relations. (These consultative bodies were established in the middle of the 1990th).

The support of the national minorities cultural centers and their involving in the elaboration of cultural development and native languages learning programs, establishing the financing mechanisms have become the factors of executive authority bodies and NGO interaction.

The important tool of carrying out ethnic policy is personnel recruiting policy, aimed at giving a job to the national minorities representatives in the state services. The main ethnic groups (the Russians, the Tatars, the Kazakhs, the Ukrainians, the Mordvinians, the Bashkirs, the Chuvashes, the Byelorussians, the Germans, the Jews, etc.) are proportionally represented at all levels. (V. Amelin. The role of the ethnic factors in poliethnic regions in establishing the Russian federalism, federalism.soros.ksu.ru/konfer2/amelin.htm).