Orenburg region



According to the census of 1989 the ethnic structure of Orenburg region consists of: the Russians 72,3%, the Tatars 7,3%, the Kazakhs 5,1%, the Ukrainians 4,7%, the Mordvinians 3,2%, the Bashkir 2,4%, the Chuvashes 1,0%, the Germans 0,5%, the Jews 0,2% and other nationalities 1,1%.

The interethnic relations in Orenburg region are quite stable, being considerably determined by the region authority attention to ethnic policy. However, there are some factors of the concealed tension in the region, in particular, the populations tolerance to other nationalities is decreasing (the Program of the regional ethnic policy model realization in Orenburg region, approved by the Resolution of Orenburg region Administration Head of 28 November 2000 N 1284-R).

These conclusions are confirmed by the results of social investigations of 1994-1996 and 1998-2000, which were conducted within the regional, ethnological monitoring. (http://nsn.net.ru?id=2761&ch=5&sub=22). The questioning, carried out in 10 bordering districts revealed that 31,3% responders experienced hostility to the representatives of other nationalities, including among the Russians 34,9%, among the Kazakhs 22,3%, among the representatives of other nationalities 30,8%. (V. Amelin. Orenburg region //Interethnic relations and breakdowns in post-soviet states, Report 2000, Moscow, 2001, p.124).

The responders named the following ethnic groups, which they treated unfriendly: the Chechens 13%, the Jews 18,6%, the Gypsies 7%, the Armenians 5,1%, the Azerbaijans 3,4%, the Tatars 2,6%, the Kazakhs 2,3%, the Georgians 1,5%, the Uzbeks 1,1%. Among the Russians, 28,6% experienced hostility to people of other nationalities, among the Ukrainians 31,8%, among the Tatars 25%, among the Kazakhs 17,4%, among other nationalities 28,6% (1999).