National Minorities in the Russian Federation
National minorities rights securing in accordance with the international standards and international obligations of the Russian Federation encounters serious difficulties due to lack of national minoritiesí status final settlement , collisions between the Federal laws on one hand and regional laws on the other hand, poor development of the civic society institutions, xenophobic attitudes and lack of tolerance in the society.
Regulation and protection of national minoritiesí rights fall, according to the Russian Federation Constitution, in the exclusive competency of the Federal authorities while protection of national minoritiesí rights falls within the joint competence of the Federal authorities and authorities of the constituent parts (subjects) of the Federation.
In the absence of the unambiguous Federal laws it is difficult for subjects of the Federation to withstand adoption of legislative measures on national minorities including various norms that run against the Russian Federation Constitution, the Federal laws and international obligations undertaken by the Russian Federation. Laws made by the Federationís subjects that regulate issues of migration, registration of residence and staying (these issues are poorly settled by the Federal laws) open wide possibilities for discrimination of national/ethnic minorities.
Legislative discrimination of national minorities is drastically diminishing the very possibility of their legal existence and raising barrier between them and the majority thereby promoting their latent self-organization.
This monitoring is connected with Russiaís obligations arising from its joining the European Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages probable coming into force and validity. Taking into account peculiarities of the situation the emphasis is made on the spheres where it is most difficult for Russia to ensure national minoritiesí rights. These spheres are: participation in state administration and public life, use of national minoritiesí languages in spheres of education, reception and distribution of information, culture etc.